Home

Technic home

Stepper performances

Personal boards

Professional boards

Carrying

CNC router 'OTOCOUP'
Boards: Power - control
Circuits L6208 / L297-L298






Power board - L6208


File for realisation of L6208 board

Power board - L297/L298

File for realisation of L297/L298 board

Control board


The herebelow page is now obsolete
.
Described boards have been modified and the revisions are on the site CNCLoisirs on the page Cartes à réaliser, but only in french. I will no longer translate the page to english. On the CNCLoisirs ('Hobby CNC') site, the licence have been modified and you can now find the boards 'eagle' files if you wish to do modifications. This new licence (cc by-nc-sa) do allow you to copy on any site and translate in any language provided the licence is respected - no commercial use, give credit and distribute under the same licence -.
An important modification is that the L6208 board is now with single face.

Stepper power board based upon L6208 circuit
:
Find herebelow my own design for stepper command board based upon L6208 circuit.

Stepper bipolar command (4 wires)
Maximum current 2.5A per phase
Mode : 1/2 step
Bridge control : 'Slow decay' (see datasheets)
Command Step/direction
Power supply unstabilised, but rectified and filtered, maximum 32V
Power supply stabilised, maximum 40V.
Forced blow on circuit required.


Board presented here is slightly different from prototype, i've locked it in half-step and control mode in 'Slow decay'. I've improve design and distance between wires.
This board don't have been tested at maximum current (only tested at 2A), nor in intensive service.

While integrated circuit accept a maximum current of 2.8A, i've limited the board to 2.5A.
I've tested without cooling, heating is intense (~100°C), and circuit disjunct over 1.8A. With a small blower, temperature remains very reasonnable (< 50°C)

For reasons i don't really understand, this board work better than the board based upon L297/L298 (my machine used both types of boards, in similar conditions). These are both circuits based upon PWM, but the timing is managed differently.

Circuit cooling is done by printed circuit copper area, so it's imperative that it will be hot-tinned to improve thermal conductivity, and it might be interesting to have 70 microns copper thickness.
Circuit L6208 is so welded directly on board and you cannot install a support.

Current adjustment :
You adjust current by adjusting a reference voltage (pin 11 or 24 of IC L6208).
This voltage is measurable on test point noted 'Te' on the board, which give ground and reference voltage points.

Shunt resistor is 0.25 Ohm (4 resistor of 1 ohm in parallel)

Current 0.5 A 1 A 1.5 A 2 A 2.5 A
Voltage 0.125 V 0.25 V 0.375 V 0.5 V 0.625 V

If you use low power steppers, it is preferable to only install 3 resistor instead of 4, so a shunt of 0.333 Ohm.

In that case the table became :

Current 0.25 A 0.5 A 0.75A 1 A 1.5 A
Voltage 0.083 V 0.166 V 0.25 V 0.333V 0.5 V

Schematic

Ensemble view
Copper, Top
Please note the voltage refererence test point 'Te', on left top
Copper, bottom
Component view
Prototype (slightly different from presented model)



Bill of material

All resistor are carbon, 1/4W except R101-108, 1 Ohm, metal 1/2W, 1%.
Beware, carbon resistors of 1/2W are way too large.
You can install these resistors vertically, with 2 one one side and two on the other side, crossing.
Diode D3 not required if you are certain to not reverse power supply wires.
Attention to weld top and bottom.
Capacitor C12 (470 µF) can be bottom welded only, top/bottom junction being done on one pin of capacitor C8.
Connectors shall have removable clips, to be welded on top.
For simplification, you can weld directly cables on board.
A high power iron (50-100W) will be used for metal resistor and IC power pin welding (There is no thermal insulators, as the purpose is cooling)

Circuit L6208 is recent and may be difficult to afford.


PartValue/Ref Device Description, package
C1-C21nF Cap. Ceramic, 5mm
C710nF 100V Cap. Ceramic, 5mm
C8220nF Cap. Ceramic, 5mm
C12470F Cap. Polarised, radial
C18100nF Cap. Ceramic, 5mm
C21100nF 100V Cap. ceramic, 5mm
C2447nF Cap. ceramic, 5mm
D1-D21N4148 Diode, 7.5mm
D3BYW29 Diode, DO220S
F1REPSRXE185 Polyswitch
IC1L6208 CI DIL24S Stepper Controller Driver, STMicroelectronics
J1-J2 Molex connector male 4pin, 2.5mm
R1100 Res. carbon, 10mm
R24-R25 51k Res. carbon, 10mm
R30 1k Potentiometer 25 rotations S64W
R40 6k49 Res. carbon, 10mm
R44 4.7k Res. carbon, 10mm
R101-R1081 Res. metal 1/2 W, 10mm, 1%
X1
Connector 2 -- 5mm


If you intend to realize this board, it is imperative that you have experience in electronic and basic knowledge of repair. This is a double-sided board, so weld on both side. One oblivion can block working, and even burn the board. I don't give any support, and schematics are supplied 'as is', without guaranty of any kind.
Before setting the power, triple check everything.
Use is restricted to personal use only, excluding any commercial use. Diffusion of the documents is forbidden, everyone must get the informations from Otocoup Internet site to upload last version.

Beware to never shutdown the signal power supply (+ 5V) before the stepper power supply, that will destroy power circuits.


Datasheet Circuit L6208
Application note
Application note for microstepping

Documents for realisation of power board based on L6208 (Printed circuit, BOM), plus documents about control board
Images are in 600 dpi

If you are in Europe, company ATEXA www.atexa.fr propose following ensembles :
Printed board drilled and hot-tinned, no components:
. Elecoup 3D : 1 command board, 3 boards for L6208, ask price with shipping
. Elecoup 4D : 1 command board, 4 boards for L6208, ask price with shipping
Price is below 50 Euros for Elecoup 3D,
Expedition by letter within 24/72 hours after reception of payment.

Please note that i have no link with Atexa company and that i don't get any royalty.

Stepper power board based upon L297/L298 - Specifications :

Find herebelow my own design for stepper command board based upon L297/L298 circuits.

Stepper bipolar command (4 wires)
Maximum current 2A per phase
Mode : 1/2 step
Command Step/direction
Power supply unstabilised, but rectified and filtered, maximum 28V
Power supply stabilised, maximum 38V.
Large radiators and proper ventilation required in your box.

This is a simple face board, more simple to realise than previous model, and much more classical.
There is no wire between pins of any circuit. This does cost 5 straps, but is much safer.
Board presented here is slightly different from prototype, i've locked it in half-step. I've improve design and distance between wires.
This board have not been tested in intensive service.

Current adjustment :
You adjust current by adjusting a reference voltage (pin 11 or 24 of IC L6208).
This voltage is measurable on test point on the board, which give ground and reference voltage points.

Shunt resistor is 0.333 Ohm (3 resistor of 1 ohm in parallel)

Current 0.25 A 0.5 A 0.75A 1 A 1.5 A 2A
Voltage 0.083 V 0.166 V 0.25 V 0.333V 0.5 V 0.66V


Schematics

Ensemble view
Note the voltage reference measure point 'Vref test'
Printed circuit, view from top.
View of components


Prototype (slightly different from model presented)

It must be noted that the radiator size is unsufficient to work at maximum current.



Bill of material

All resistor are carbon, 1/4W except R101-103 and R105-107, 1 Ohm, metal 1/2W, 1%
Diode D9 not required if you are certain to not reverse power supply wires.


Comp.Value/Ref. Description, package
C1
3.3nF
Cap. ceramic, 5mm
C2100nF Cap. ceramic, 5mm
C12 470µF Cap. polarised, radial
C21
100nF
Cap. ceramic, 5mm
C24 10nF Cap. ceramic, 5mm
D1-D8BYV27 Diode, 7.5mm
D9 BYW29-100 Diode, DO220S
F1REPSRXE160 Polyswitch 3.2 A
IC2
L297
CI L297 Stepper controller, STMicroelectronics
IC3L298 CI L298 double H-bridge, STMicroelectronics
JP1
jumper 3 pins
JP3 jumper 3 pins
J1
Molex connector male 5pin, 2.5mm
J2 Molex connector male 4pin, 2.5mm
R1 22k Res. carbone, 10mm
R30 1k Potentiometer S64W
R406k49 Res. carbone, 10mm
R444.7k Res. carbone, 10mm
R101-R1031 Res. metal 1/2 W, 1%, 10mm
R105-R1071 Res. metal 1/2 W, 1%, 10mm
X1
Terminals 2 wires -- 5mm


If you intend to realize this board, it is imperative that you have experience in electronic and basic knowledge of repair. I don't give any support, and schematics are supplied 'as is', without guaranty of any kind.
Before setting the power, triple check everything.
Use is restricted to personal use only, excluding any commercial use. Diffusion of the documents is forbidden, everyone must get the informations from Otocoup Internet site to upload last version.

Beware to never shutdown the signal power supply (+ 5V) before the stepper power supply, that will destroy power circuits.

Find here the
FILE for realisation of power board based upon L297/L298 circuits (Printed circuit, BOM)
Printed circuit image is in 300 dpi, which should be set in your image viewer to print at appropriate scale.


Control board

For being able to control power board as the one presented hereabove (or another one), Franck Aguerre have designed and built a simple control board simple, shown herebelow.

Layout
Copper

Realisation, without frequency generator, neither end switches input. It might be preferable to install a support for the circuit (which was done, see ensemble photos)

 

Comp.Value/Ref. Description, package
IC174LS541 Bus drivers
IC2NE555 Frequency generator
IC37805 Voltage regulator
IC47812 Voltage regulator
R133 k Resistance 1/4W
R2 (4x)1k Resistance 1/4W
P11 M Trimmer 25 rotations
C11µF Capacitor chemical radial 25-63V - pitch 5mm
C2 (2x)10nF Capacitor polyester LCC milfeuil pitch 5 mm
C3470 pF Capacitor ceramic pitch 5mm
- Connector DB25 male angled, to weld
Weld pins pitch 2.54 mm
- Switch or emergency shutdown button, pin 19 and 20 of IC1

This board is fairly simple, one layer only, but the essential is present :
Control of 4 stepper power boards with signal command isolation, 3 inputs for end-switches, voltage regulator 12 V and 5V.
Supreme luxury, there is a frequency generator at 2 kHz, to be used for hotwire cutting. (With Gilles Muller software, this frequency generator is used to stabilised output of steps, which tend to be ubstable under Windows (tm)).If your power supply exceed 14V, it is needed to install a 12V regulator before the 5V regulator. If not needed, shunt the circuit. Beware, under 14V, the 12V voltage regulator is unable to work.Fan power supply will be installed downstream the 12V regulator.Beware to adpt the input capacitor voltage to your power supply (20% voltage over the operating voltage). If not, you risk an explosion, and it is said to be very noisy.For Otocoup machine, it is needed to have an emergency shutdown which cut step signals, without cutting power on steppers. For that, there is on the circuit 2 pins which much be linked to have the 74 LS 541 driver conducting.Emergency shutdown cut the driver, and so step and dir signals, but you have to, on Otocoup machine, left power supply on stepper power boards to maintain the carriage in place.On an horizontal machine, there is no problem to totally cut steppers power supply.Attention, in all cases, emergency shutdown must shut the router

This control board is compatible with hotwire software of Gilles Muller (Install NE 555 frequency generator is required for this software)

Pinout of DB25 connector:

Pin Function 'Hotwire' Function 'Router'
- pin 2dir Y left dir X
- pin 3
step Y left
step X
- pin 4dir X left dir Y
- pin 5step X left step Y
- pin 6dir Y right dir Z
- pin 7step Y right step Z
- pin 8dir X right  
- pin 9step X right  
- pin 10timer output  
- pin 11 end-switch X
- pin 12 end-switch Y
- pin 13 end-switch Z

And please find the ensemble installed in a former PC power supply box.
Economic, ultra-compact, perfectly shielded and very well cooled (with the original power supply fan).
Switches control power of each board (That shut stepper power supply).